Planning to visit the charming city of Mainz but don’t know what attractions to see? Mainz is a spectacular old town located on the majestic Rhine river. It is a blessed town because there are various must-see attractions and an array of things to do in Mainz.
The town has magnificent diverse scenery from the wonders of nature and the breathtaking Rhine river encircling the town. From the town to the medieval structures of houses, market squares, museums, and more red sandstone infrastructures.
A trip to Mainz is once in a lifetime charming and memorable adventure, no to miss! Interested? We have prepared adventure-filled tourist attractions to witness and experience the best Mainz travel in Germany.
Table of Contents
List of Best Attractions in Mainz
Address: Holzstraße 34, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
The Holzturm, also known as the Wood Tower, is a medieval tower located in Mainz, Germany. The name Wood Tower is because in the former times, by the bank of the Rhine, which is quite close to the tower, woods were so piled.
The tower was built in a Gothic style, and documentations show that it was built in the early fifteenth century.
Not because it is called “The Wood Tower” would you begin to think it is completely made of wood. Nah! The Wood Tower has a hipped roof (providing reasons for its steepness), and its walls are made of crushed stones.
As a ceiling is a ribbed vault. The Tower was a typical watchtower. It later became a gate tower and a gaol (a prison) as well. In 1793, the Clubists members of the Jacobin club were imprisoned in the tower, following their organization of the Republic of Mainz. In the old-time, it served to fortify the city.
The World War II of the 1940s left the structure in complete ruin. Everything was gone by the end of the war. However, in 1961, the tower was reconstructed to exactly match its old features. This was to commemorate the 2000th anniversary of the city.
Today, the tower is still maintained nicely and preserved well. Visitors, in fact, are let into the premises to take a good view of the place. Currently, the tower isn’t useful in its former duties of serving as a prison or watchtower. It simply is someplace tourists could survey.
Address: Schillerpl., 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.5 out of 5
The Fastnachtsbrunnen, also known as the Fountain of Carnival, is a very exotic site situated in Schillerpl Mainz, Germany. Schillerpl happens to be one of the most attractive squares in Mainz, Germany, featuring beautifully modeled buildings, oases of green, etc. The Fastnachtsbrunnen could be found in the heart of Schillerpl.
In 1967, the structure of the Carnival Fountain (Fastnachtsbrunnen) was rounded. There are carvings of 200 bronze artifacts, which each represent Mainz’s carnival’s spirits and myths. Some of the notable figures in the artifacts include: Till Eulenspiegel, Hanswurst, and Father Rhine. These figures are more than nine meters in length.
There’s one small boy with a chicken balanced on his head and a rooster’s tail of the artifacts. There’s another of a small boy with a moon and stars arranged on his head. There’s one of Father Rhine crowned with a crown and a mermaid beside him. Aside from representing myths and spirits, the fountain also celebrates the joy of life.
The Fastnachtsbrunnen stands very close to Schillerstrasse and Ludwigstrasse crossroads. Actual carnivals are often carried out in Fastnachtsbrunnen, even up till now. Every 11th of November, the “Fastnacht” festival, for instance, begins.
Beside the fountain are a huge cream and salmon pink palatial house. The house dates back far as the 1700s. It belonged to Osteiner Hof.
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Address: Markt 10, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
The Mainz Cathedral, also known as St. Martin’s Cathedral, or in German as Der Hohe Dom zu Mainz, is a church of the Roman Catholic denomination of the Diocese of Mainz in Mainz Germany.
The Church happens to be above one thousand years in existence, established around the late 900s AD. The Church was dedicated to Martin of Tours in the year 1009, hence its other name: St. Martin’s Cathedral.
The Church building appears to be constructed in three different styles: The Baroque style, the Gothic style, and the Romanesque style. The Romanesque style happens to be the original style the house was built in, and hence majorly, the building is presented in the Romanesque style.
The chapels and bell towers appear in Gothic style, and the roof is a Baroque-style roof. The building was basically constructed using sandstones.
In the cathedral are funerary monuments of Kurfurst-Erzbischofe, which include religious artifacts. On the grounds of the cathedral, Saint Boniface’s and The Madonna statues are planted. In the year 1009, the portions of the cathedral burnt due to a fire outbreak, but Archbishop Bardo took the structure through a stage of reconstruction and furnishing.
The Cathedral suffered a great hit of bombing during World War II, destroying major parts of it. By the year 1975, however, the cathedral was restored to a newer look. Renovating works didn’t just end here; it was continued in 2001, with the target of restoring both the interior and exterior looks of the cathedral.
Address: Liebfrauenpl., 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.4 out of 5
The Nagelsäule, an amazing wooden column dotted with nails, is situated in Liebfrauenpl in Mainz, Germany. The structure was built in the year 1916, while Word War I was still ongoing.
It was a product of a charity event of money collection from the people to provide the soldiers who were out in the warring ground with winter jackets they were in deep need of to help chase the cold. The collection wasn’t alone for the winter jackets: it was also to help acquire more food for the soldiers.
The Nagelsäule is also called the “nail pillar” because it is thoroughly decorated with nails—if the looks could be called a decoration. This is how the nails came to be: anyone could strike a nail to the column with monies given to the ware-related charities for a fee.
The building stands for the charitable work of the people. The structure has been standing for over a hundred years. The Nagelsäule is situated close to the Cathedral.
People have described the concept of stubbing the building with nails as a unique one but have not praised its structure. They say that it is underwhelming—the building and environs where the nailed column is situated.
Address: Große Bleiche 49-51, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
The Landesmuseum Mainz, otherwise known as the Mainz State Museum, is a history and art museum in Mainz, Germany. In 2004, the museum closed down operations to process some renovations, which lasted until 2010, when it was reopened.
The museum set off first with paintings of Napoleon and Chaptal donated to Mainz city around the 1800s, and in 1937, it moved to where it would up till today be its location—somewhere in the former electoral stables.
Except for mere site seeing, the museum hosts teaching events, where interested students are taught ancient and modern arts and history using various teaching aids.
Collections in the museum include:
1. Pre-Historic and Roman Departments: here, antiquities such as statues that resemble Venus from 23,000BC, Roman stone memorials, stone axes of the Late Stone Age, etc., can be found.
2. Prince Johann Georg Collection: include elements discovered by Prince George, such as Byzantine art, etc.
3. Medieval Department: artifacts such as an ivory-made Madonna, a Byzantine spangenhelm, etc.
4. Renaissance Department: here, Willem Claeszoon Heda, Philippe de Champagne, Lorenzo di Credi, presumed works of Hans Balding Grien and Peter Binoit could be found.
5. Baroque Collection: includes paintings, sculptures, porcelains, and furniture of the 17th and 18th century from Italy, France, Germany, and the Netherlands. Also, present here are tools used by Maximilian von Welsch.
6. Paintings of the 19th and 20th century
7. Graphics Collection of Paul Signac, Edgar Degas, Picasso, etc.
8. Judaica: include Mainz’s Jewish history items.
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Address: Liebfrauenpl. 5, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.3 out of 5
The Gutenberg Museum was so named after Johannes Gutenberg, who was notable for his print invention, a modification over the movable metal form present in Western Europe then.
The museum, which happens to be included in the list of oldest printing museums of the world, was founded by a group of persons around 1900, 500 years after Gutenberg’s birth. The museum is aimed at showcasing the writings and printings of various cultures.
Initially, the museum existed as an extension of the city library, showcasing just writings date 500 years before. Still, with time, the museum expanded so that it wasn’t an extension of the city library anymore.
It included among its collection book art, graphics, and posters, paper, printing techniques, the history of the writing of all cultures of the world, etc.
Collections in the museum include:
1. The Bookplate Collection: With Willy Troop’s donation of approximately fifty thousand bookplates in 1963, this museum’s collection kick-started.
Willy Troop, at the time, was one of the notable few bookplate collectors. Bookplates in this collection include Charles Lindbergh, Albert Einstein, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Adolph Hitler, etc. They’re up to 100,000 bookplates in this collection as of now.
2. Printed Graphics: graphic items here include illustrations of printers and technical instruments, prints of artists who stand out for different techniques, etc.
3. Small Presses: This collection includes works done by small presses in Europe such as books, magazines, videos, posters, flyers, and leaflets.
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Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Botanical Garden
Address: Anselm-Franz-von-Bentzel-Weg 9, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
The Botanical Garden in Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz was established around the mid-1900s. It is situated on the university campus and maintained by the university. The museum is otherwise called Botanischer Garten Mainz and occupies up to ten hectares of the university space.
Sampled in the botanical garden are various horticultural broad spectrums, including ferns, mosses, seed plants, trees, shrubs of temperate zones of the northern hemisphere, etc. The University Botanic Garden also keeps its collections of Europe’s biggest research on plants belonging to the Salvia or sage genus.
At its establishment, the garden created more than three thousand five hundred individual plant beds. As of today, there are over eight thousand five hundred species of plants growing in the garden.
Towards its initial period, an alpine garden was incorporated into the Botanical Garden in the mid-nineteen fifties. In the year 1986, steppe plants and Mainz regional Flora sections were added, too.
The garden is a member of the German Association of Botanic Gardens and the Botanic Gardens Conversation International. Due to the climatic condition of the region where the garden is located, which is relatively dry, plants requiring warmer conditions to be grown are without stress planted outdoors.
Address: Windmühlenstraße, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.4 out of 5
The Mainzer Zitadelle (Citadel of Mainz) was built in 1660 and is located at the Mainz Old Town fringe. The hill upon which the citadel was built (Jakobsberg hill) had previously been inhabited in 1050 by a Benedictine Abbey.
However, the Jakobsberg hill was incorporated into the city’s walls in the 1620s, headed by Adolph von Waldenburg, to fill up the holes the hill was harboring. With those holes, aggressors could very easily raid the city of Mainz using the hill. Waldenburg, as at the time, was a Roman Catholic vicar.
In the mid-1600s, following Johann Philip von Schönborn’s (who was then prince-elect) order, the citadel went through a modification phase of fortification. Since then, more modifications to fortify the city more have been carried out. For instance, around 1696, construction was made to stand over the citadel gate, facing the town.
The citadel still stands after going through wars and sieges as World War II the siege of Mainz of 1793. However, due to the siege of 1793, the St. Jacobs abbey constructed in the citadel was brought low by Prussian shelling. In 1816, at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Maiz became the German Confederation fortress.
Due to its oldness, the citadel stands as a witness to Maiz’s history. Currently, the walls and fortifications of the city appear to be wearing off. An association, however, by the name Initiative Zitadelle Mainz, is working towards preserving the dignity of the place.
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Address: 55131 Mainz- Weisenau, Germany
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
The Stadt Park, Mainz stands where used to be the Romans settlement. Luther Franz vib Schonborn-Buchleim, the then crazy rich and politically inclined elector, purchased the site in the 17th century. As at the time Buchleim was purchasing the place, it used to be a Benedictine monastery.
After the purchase of the space, Buchleim commissioned the construction of the gigantic palace structure, which would later be all ruined during the Napoleonic Wars.
The palace has been an enormous one, awash with palatial estates, fountains, parks, and statues until all these fell in the Siege of Mainz that brought up the Napoleonic Wars. However, the wars, some fountains, and statues, notably those of Hercules and Rhenus, are still in preservation up until today.
Where used to be the spot for Lustscheloss is now replaced with the Favourite Park hotel, where one could catch a refreshing breeze over a finely brewed beer.
Today, a zoo can be found in the park. The zoo is an extension of the large Mainzer zoo. A rose garden is situating at the top hill of the park, harboring hundreds of different species of roses. The site has an endearing and beautiful view. People visit the park for education or recreational purposes.
Museum of Ancient Seafaring
Address: Neutorstraße 2b, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.5 out of 5
The Museum of Ancient Seafaring was established in September of 1994 in Mainz, Germany. The museum exhibits items of old modeled seafaring tools. It is a maritime museum owned by the Leibniz Association and situates at Mainz Romisches Theater Station.
Besides the museum, there is an archeological center. Most visitors to the museum are taken on workshop classes, where they get to see old model ships being replicated by the museum staff.
Sampled in the museum are collections of ancient vessels such as cargo vessels, simple boats, naval ships, etc. Some military ships dating as far back as the third and fourth centuries, owned by the Roman Military, are also sampled in the museum.
The museum isn’t alone opened for adults; there is a provision for kids who want to learn with practical guides what ancient ship vessels used to be made of and looked like.
St. Christoph’s Church
Address: 5,, Hintere Christofsgasse 3, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
The St. Christoph’s Church also referred to as the St. Christoph zu Mainz is a brilliant portrayal of ancient gothic architecture. The Church was built between the late 1200s and early 1300s.
The church went through a renovation process between the 17th and 18th century, to modernize the structure. In 1942, however, due to the great raid against Mainz during the Second World Word. The Church was brought to ashes, except for the external walls. The Church encountered a second bomb blast in 1945.
In recent times, the Church has been fortified with heavier materials such as the material with which the walls are now coated. Having borne witness to the history of wars in those years, the Church has been referred to as a war memorial center.
A statue of Gutenberg can be found right next to the Church building. The status was raised to celebrate Gutengberg’s 2000 years celebration over Gutengberg’s inventory in the printing press sector.
The Church is partly owned by Mainz and partly owned by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz. The chapel belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz, and the remains of ruins are for the city of Mainz.
A few of the items one can find in the Church include:
(a) An organ built-in 1667 by Johann Peter Geissel
(b) Rococo sculpture of St. Valentine
(c) A Gothic baptismal font, etc.