The history of Berlin, Germany is a story of landmarks. Berlin has been home to landmarks that have shaped its history. One can find landmarks from the East and West in this city.
The landmarks in Germany, especially in Berlin reflect the many countries’ histories with each other and how they’ve interacted with one another over time.
People come from all over the world to see these landmarks which have helped shape our modern-day society as we know it today.
Table of Contents
List of Historical Landmarks in Berlin, Germany
1. Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate is a Neoclassical monument in Berlin. It was built to show people that there are laws.
The Brandenburg Gate is in the middle of Berlin. It is at the intersection of Unter den Linden and Ebertstraße, near Pariser Platz. To its north stands the Reichstag building, where Germany’s federal parliament (Bundestag) is inside.
The Brandenburg Gate is a big, old gate. It has many things on it. The gate leads to Unter den Linden which leads to the Prussian monarchs’ City Palace.
There are linden trees that are really old there too. Over time, the Brandenburg Gate is seen as a symbol of Europe’s turbulent history.
The Brandenburg Gate was built in 1791 when there were no countries in Europe yet [in modern times].
It has four different sections and twelve stone columns which represent the original number of states in the Holy Roman Empire (which is where Prussia comes from) and later in the German Confederation.
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2. Checkpoint Charlie
Checkpoint Charlie was the most well-known crossing point between East Germany and West Germany. The name is also Checkpoint Charlie. It is among the notable landmarks in Berlin.
Walter Ulbricht, leader of East Germany, pushed and maneuvered to obtain Soviet permission to construct the Berlin Wall in 1961.
It is in order to stop Eastern Bloc emigration westward through the Soviet border system, preventing escape across the city sector border from East Berlin to West Berlin.
The crossing point was closed in 1990 during the period of transition when East Germany was reunifying with West Germany; it has since been reopened and is now a popular tourist sight.
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3. French Cathedral
The French (Reformed) Church of Friedrichstadt (French: Temple de la Friedrichstadt, German: Französische Friedrichstadtkirche, and more commonly known as the French Cathedral).
Which is in Berlin on the Gendarmenmarkt across from the Konzerthaus and the German Cathedral, was constructed between 1701 and 1705 by Antoine Desgodetz and Jacques Philippe Le Sueur in the Baroque style.
The French Cathedral is a Protestant church. It has two towers and people can go up to the top of them for some great views of Berlin. The inside of the church is white which makes it look very bright and beautiful.
The building is very nice and is a Protestant church. It has been remodeled many times and it has beautiful furniture inside by Abraham and David Roentgen.
The building also had a new front with classicizing Renaissance style in 1788-1790, and the tower finished in neo-Gothic style in 1843.
A pall of remembrance for 20th-century German history has settled on the French Church since October 23, 1963, when it served as Forum Sancti Martini during the celebrations to mark Berlin’s 750th anniversary.
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4. Großer Stern
The Großer Tiergarten (Great Garden) is the main square of Berlin’s Grand Tiergarten park, with the Berlin Victory Column located on it.
It is bounded to the south by Wilhelmstraße, to the east by Mauerstraße, and to the west by Strasse des 17. Juni, landmarks of Cold War division.
The Großer Tiergarten park was created in 16th century as a hunting ground for the royal family. After 1700 it served predominantly as a garden and place of recreation and leisure.
The Great Garden was turned into a public park in Berlin after 1816 and the surrounding areas were added to it over the years, particularly in 1840s when Tiergarten was enlarged by almost half.
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5. Memorial to the Murdered Members of the Reichstag
The Memorial to the Murdered Members of the Reichstag is a memorial in Berlin, Germany. To visit the memorial is among the best things to do in Berlin.
The monument honors the 96 members of parliament who died unnatural deaths between 1933 and 1945 (1948) in front of the Reichstag building. In the 1980s, plans for constructing a monument began, and it was dedicated in September 1992.
The memorial was erected in remembrance of the victims by Dieter Appelt, Klaus W. Eisenlohr, Justus Müller, and Christian Zwirner.
The names, birth and death dates, and burial sites are etched on the edges of the 96 cast iron plates that make up the monument. It’s been planned to be expanded up to 264 names.
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6. Reichstag Building
The Reichstag building is the seat of the German Parliament (the Bundestag). The original Reichstag was built in 1894 and housed a public museum.
In 1933, it was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt, and became the meeting place for the new Bundestag.
Today, right next to the Reichstag building, there is a glass dome. The dome was built in 1999. It lets people look down into the meeting place of the Bundestag if they don’t want to go inside and watch the meetings live.
The Reichstag building is huge! It has big columns at its entrance too which makes it look even bigger. The inside of the building has big, tall ceilings and walls with some pretty cool paintings.
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7. Piece of the Berlin Wall
Since its tumble on November 9, 1989, various institutions have received portions of the Berlin Wall. Segments are occasionally transferred; as a result, those depicted may not be current in every instance.
The example below is taken from the “Berlin Wall Documentation Center” in Bernau am Chiemsee. It depicts the longest section outside of Berlin at 1,220 metres (4,000 ft); it includes both bulwarks and no less than two passages of wire netting.
This segment was separated 20 years ago from the original location of 13 Bötzowstrasse by an establishment that purchased it for its own particular use.
The establishment has not been named, but it is thought to have been a children’s day care facility. Nowadays the segment stands outside in the open air in Bernau.
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8. UNESCO Weltkulturerbe Museumsinsel
The UNESCO World Heritage Site Museumsinsel is an island in the Spree river in the central Mitte district of Berlin, Germany, located on the northern half of a large 60,000-square metre island complex that forms part of the Museum Island.
The complex is located on the southeastern shore of the Großer Müggelsee lake and was built in conjunction with the Lustgarten park and St. Mary’s Church, which it faces across the Spree.
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9. Wasserturm Prenzlauer Berg
The Wasserturm Prenzlauer Berg is Berlin’s oldest water tower, having been built in 1877 and used until 1952.
Henry Gill designed the building and it was erected by the English Waterworks Company. It’s located between Knaackstraße and Belforter Straße in Kollwitzkiez, Berlin (Prenzlauer Berg locality).
The tower has turned into the landmark of Prenzlauerberg, one of Berlin’s most iconic landmarks.
The tower was listed in 2002 after having been restored in 1999. Since then, there are different designs for the water tower which can be seen on shirts and magnets sold at local souvenir shops.
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Berlin is a city rich in landmarks and history, with many of its structures becoming symbols for the community.
When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9th 1989, it became a symbol for the city; today, pieces of this renowned barrier may be found all around Germany as well as abroad.
One curious part of the Wall now stands outside at Bernau am Chiemsee, while other segments are divided up among various institutions across Berlin.
Take a day trip to Museumsinsel Island, which has these landmarks alongside world-class museums including Pergamon Museum and Nationalgalerie, to see some of Berlin’s most notable attractions without spending the entire day researching them.